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Vladimir Lenin


If anybody inspired Lenin, it was his elder siblings, not his parents. Both Lenin's sister, Anna, and brother, Alexander, were involved in revolutionary ideals. Alexander was especially keen to put an end to the despotic reign of the Tsars.1)

Bolshevik And Menshevik

Lenin is credited with coining the term “Bolshevik.” The term was coined in 1903 during a conference of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party. Lenin and Julius Martov found themselves on opposing sides of a debate. To put it simply, Lenin believed that a strong leader required total control over the party, but Martov believed that individual members should have more freedom. Because Lenin's camp outweighed Martov's in this dispute, Lenin termed his followers “majoritarians,” which translates to “bol'sheviki” or Bolsheviks. Meanwhile, Martov asserted his authority by naming his party the “minoritarians,” or the Mensheviks. 2)


Lenin's first profession after finishing his education was as a lawyer in St. Petersburg. 3)


“Lenin” was not his surname, but rather a nickname he chose to avoid placing his family in danger while trying to destabilize the ruling class. Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov was Lenin's full name. 4)


Some may be astonished to learn that Lenin came from a very ordinary, middle-class family. While his father was descended from serfs, he had made a good life for himself, and Lenin's mother was a well-educated lady whose father was a physician. 5)

Dismissed At Kazan University

Lenin received unwanted attention after participating in a student rally at Kazan University, and he was dismissed. 6)

Leon Trotsky

In 1902, he met fellow Marxist-in-exile Leon Trotsky in London. The two guys quickly became friends and created a connection that would transform both of their lives forever. 7)

Nadezhda Krupskaya

When Lenin met his future wife, Nadezhda Krupskaya, he was attending Marxist discussion groups. She had a good education and was a big fan of Karl Marx. 8)

Married After Being In Exile

Nadezhda Krupskaya was jailed in October 1896, barely a few months after Lenin. After some time, Lenin was sentenced to exile in Siberia. With some assistance in spreading the story, she was granted permission to be with Lenin in exile on the condition that they marry as soon as they were reunited. 9)

Exiled In Galicia

Lenin was exiled in Galicia, a province of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which was aligned with Germany against Russia. The Austro-Hungarians detained Lenin on suspicion that he was a Russian exile who may cause trouble for them. However, Lenin quickly shown his total contempt for the Tsar, and he was released. 10)

1917 Revolution

Industrial workers went on strike in 1917 due to poor working conditions and a lack of food. The revolution gained such traction that the Tsar abdicated and a temporary administration was formed to transform Russia into a republic. The news prompted Lenin and his friends to rejoice and set off on a voyage back to Russia. 11)

Difficult Journey Back

Getting back to Russia to join the Revolution proved more difficult than he had anticipated: the highways to Russia were closed, especially while WWI was still raging. The German administration, on the other hand, knew that Lenin taking over Russia would be helpful to them, because the extreme left had always been strongly opposed to the war and was willing to quit fighting. As a result, they permitted a railway car carrying Lenin, his wife, and his colleagues to pass through Germany on its journey to Russia. 12)

Fanny Kaplan

By 1918, Lenin and the Bolsheviks had driven out the other parties from the new Soviet government, including the Mensheviks and Socialist Revolutionaries (SR). Fanny Kaplan, a member of the SR, was motivated to use bullets to express her dissatisfaction with Lenin. On August 30, 1918, Kaplan approached Lenin and fired three bullets. One bullet just struck his clothing, while the others struck his shoulder and neck, with the latter reaching his lung. He miraculously survived these injuries. 13)

Red Terror

Following the two assassination attempts on Lenin, the Bolsheviks launched what is now known as “the Red Terror.” According to reports, as many as 15,000 persons considered opponents of Lenin's regime were assassinated within two months following Fanny Kaplan's assassination of Lenin. 14)


Lenin was an atheist and pushed this idea in 'The Attitude of the Workers’ Party to Religion'. 15)

vladimir_lenin.txt · Last modified: 2021/10/27 01:06 by eziothekilla34