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Unitary democratic state

Ukraine is a unitary democratic state - all the administrative units that make up the state are organized in the same way and are subordinate to the central bodies that determine their system and properties. 1)


Kyiv is Ukraine's largest city and the seventh most populous in Europe, with just under 3 million people living there. 2)

46th in the world

The area of the country is 233,030 sq mi - Ukraine ranks 46th in the world in terms of area. 3)


According to a report by the International Monetary Fund, Ukraine has the lowest GDP per capita in Europe, not exceeding $3,000. 4)

Name origin

The term “Ukraine” as a common name appeared in the Middle Ages and originally meant the name of border geographical regions. 5)

300 thousand years ago

According to archaeological data, the primitive man appeared on the territory of modern Ukraine 300 thousand years ago. 6)

Bosporan Kingdom

In the centuries VIII-VI BC, the first Greek colonies were established in the Crimea and at the mouth of the Bohu and Don, from which developed the oldest known state encompassing the so-called “Bosporan Kingdom”, named after the Strait of Kerch (Kimmerian Bosporus). 7)

Crimean Goths

In later centuries, tribes of Goths appeared in the southern area of present-day Ukraine (Goths inhabited Crimea until 1778). 8)

The partitions

As a result of the partitions, almost all of Ukraine (with the exception of Red Ruthenia, Transcarpathia, and Bukovina, which were annexed to Austria) became part of the Russian Empire. 9)

Nazi occupation

After Germany attacked the USSR in 1941, about seven million people of various nationalities were killed and murdered in Ukraine. 10)

Chernobyl nuclear power plant

On April 26, 1986, one of the world's worst nuclear disasters occurred at Ukraine's Chernobyl nuclear power plant. 11)


Ukraine gained independence from the USSR in 1991. 12)

The hryvnia

In 1996, the hryvnia, the official currency of Ukraine, was introduced into circulation. Twice, in 2008 and 2013, the hryvnia was voted the most beautiful currency in the world. 13)

The flag

The flag of Ukraine is a rectangle divided into two stripes: blue and yellow. 14)


The emblem of Ukraine is the Tryzub (Trident), which first appeared on coins minted by Vladimir I the Great. 15)


The dominant soil type in Ukraine is chernozem, occupying about 60% of the country. 16)

ukraine.txt · Last modified: 2021/12/06 06:03 by aga