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The Naval Battle of Diu took place on February 3, 1509, in the port of Diu, off the west coast of the Indian peninsula between Portuguese and Egyptian squadrons, ending in a crushing Portuguese victory. As a result of the battle, the Portuguese gained complete control of the sea around India, pushing the Egyptians out of trade with India. A further consequence was to facilitate the conquest of parts of India by the Portuguese from 1510 and the creation of Portuguese India. 1)

Sancho I the Populator

In the 12th century, Portugal was ruled by Sancho I the Populator. The king's nickname is associated with the era of the great geographic discoveries, but he lived much earlier and earned his nickname from populating uninhabited areas of Portugal itself. During his reign from 1185 to 1211 he brought many Flemish and Burgundian settlers to northern Portugal, contributing significantly to the development of the country (including cultural and commercial). 2)


The Portuguese initially kidnapped people they encountered on the African coast to sell as slaves. It was difficult for the people of Africa to understand what was happening to the irretrievably dying people who were being taken to other continents. Until local elites began to participate in the trade, one of the emerging explanations was that the kidnappers were eating their victims. 3)

Berlenga Grande

Berlenga Grande is a small Portuguese island in the Atlantic Ocean, the largest in the Berlengas archipelago. The island is the only one in the archipelago to have experienced human settlement. Traces of human presence have been preserved there since about a thousand years BC. In ancient times it was known as the Dream Island or Saturn Island. At different times, the Vikings, Moors, and English and French pirates came here. The monks of the Hieronymite order built a monastery here in the 16th century; the stones from the monastery ruins were used to build the Forte de São (Fortress of St. John the Baptist). 4)

Fortified wine

Madeira is particularly famous for its durability (vintages from the Napoleonic era are in use). The fortified wine from the Portuguese island of Madeira, instead of being stored in cool cellars, is aged in hot attics. This method of wine storage was introduced when it was noticed that wine fortified with rum in the stuffy holds of ships gets better and better. 5)


The capital of Portugal is Lisbon, but there is no document officially declaring it the capital. 6)

One of the oldest European countries

Portugal as an independent state has existed since 1139. Its borders were drawn in 1270 and have not changed since then (it is the oldest border line found in Europe). 7)

Second oldest European capital city

Right after Athens, Lisbon is the second oldest European capital city. Historians believe that it was founded by the Phoenicians around 1200 BC. 8)

Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Monte

In Braga are located the most important and beautiful religious centers, such as the sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Monte, and the Archbishop's Palace. 9)

Famous footballers

One of the most popular Portuguese footballers is Cristiano Ronaldo who was born in Madeira. He is considered one of the best soccer players of all time. World-famous Portuguese footballers also include Figo and Eusebio. 10)

Not so strict on time

Portuguese people are not punctual people. 11)

Portuguese language

If you know Portuguese, you can communicate with 210 million people in the world. This language is the fifth in the world in terms of usefulness. You can easily speak Portuguese in Brazil, Angola, Cape Verde, or Mozambique. 12)


Fado is a musical genre for which Portugal is famous. 13)

Marinha Portuguesa

The Marinha Portuguesa is a Portuguese navy that has been in continuous operation since 1180. This makes it one of the oldest navies in the world. 14)

Europe's only tea plantation

The volcanic island of São Miguel in the Azores archipelago is home to Europe's only tea plantation. 15)

Treaty of Tordesillas

On June 7, 1494, Portugal and Spain signed the Treaty of Tordesillas. It concerned the division between the two countries of influence throughout the “New World” (newly discovered land areas - all of the Americas and Australia and Oceania. 16)

Festa dos Tabuleiros

Once every four years, the town of Tomar hosts the Festa dos Tabuleiros, or Festival of the Trays. It is one of the most colorful and spectacular events. The whole town is decorated with colorful flowers, both real and artificial. 17)

portugal.txt · Last modified: 2022/02/08 03:18 by aga