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Sacred flower of the Incas

Cantua buxifolia is a species of plant in the polychaete family. It is native to Peru and Bolivia. Known in the area of its occurrence under the local name cantuta derived from qantu Ketchua language. The national flower of Peru is referred to as the “sacred flower of the Incas”. Due to its flower colors, reminiscent of the Bolivian flag, it was chosen as the “national flower” of Bolivia. 1)


Lima is one of the largest and oldest cities in the Americas. It was founded by conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535. The city is home to the oldest continuously operating university in the Americas - the National University of San Marcos, founded in 1551. 2)


Pollada is a Peruvian dish, and a popular way in Peru to raise money for some important and urgent cause. Hosts prepare a party where a chicken dish is always served; pollada and beer. For entry, party attendees make voluntary donations. The profit from a pollada can be over 2000 soli, which is a large sum since the average monthly income of Peruvian families is 600-800 sol. 3)

Name origin

According to the most popular theory, the name Peru (Spanish: Perú, Ketchua: Piruw) comes from the local word biru - “river”. Peru is a country in the western part of South America, on the Pacific Ocean. It is the third-largest country on the continent after Brazil and Argentina and the second-largest Andean country after Argentina. The capital of Peru is Lima. 4)

Shrinking human head

The Jivaro Indians living in Peru, after killing an enemy, would cut off his head, remove the skin from the skull along with the hair, sew the mouth and eyelids together, and then boil it. They then hung it over the fire to harden and blacken it. Europeans who encountered the custom of the Jivaro Indians in the 19th century became very interested in such peculiar trophies. Demand was so great that the Indians began to produce forgeries from animal skins. 5)

peru.txt · Last modified: 2021/09/14 02:39 by aga