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The capital of Montenegro is Podgorica. 1)


The official language used in Montenegro is Montenegrin. 2)


Montenegro's total population is 623,000, with a population density of 45 people per square kilometer. 3)


The currency in Montenegro is the euro. 4)


The dominant religion in Montenegro is overwhelmingly Orthodox. This religion is professed by as much as 72 percent of the country's entire population. 5)

Zla Kolata

The highest peak in Montenegro is Zla Kolata with an altitude of 2534 meters above sea level. 6)


The longest river in Montenegro is the Tara River. 7)


Montenegro's national animal is the eagle. 8)

Ethnic groups

As for the nationalities and ethnic groups that inhabit Montenegro, the vast majority are, of course, Montenegrins (this is about 45 percent of the population of the entire country), followed by Serbs (this is about 28.7 percent of the population), Bosniaks (about 8.6 percent of the population), Albanians (about 4.9 percent of the population), and others. 9)


The country was actually created after the breakup of Serbia and Montenegro in 2006. Before that, it was a union republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and functioned under that name from 1945 until 1992, then from 1992 until 2003 it functioned as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and then from 2003 until 2006 precisely as Serbia and Montenegro. Only later, when Serbia and Montenegro broke up, did they function as two separate countries. 10)

Flag of Montenegro

The flag of Montenegro is a rectangular flag with a red background, surrounded by a delicate and narrow border in gold. At the very center of the flag is the emblem of Montenegro, or more precisely, an eagle with two heads and a crown in gold. The eagle holds the insignia of royal power - in one hand it holds a scepter and in the other a royal apple. In the center of the eagle, there is also a distinctive shield with the image of a lion on a blue and green background. This shield is meant to symbolize episcopal authority and is actually a biblical symbol of the resurrection of Christ the Victor. 11)


The national alcohol in Montenegro is Rakija. 12)


According to the Constitution, the historical capital of the country is the city of Cetinje, which is now home to only about 16,000 people. It is also the cultural capital of Montenegro, as most departmental buildings and cultural heritage sites are still located here. 13)

Name origin

Montenegro got its name from the dark mountain forests that cover the country. The name is divided into two words: “monte” and “negro” (black, mountain) and dates back to the 15th century. 14)

Lake Skadar

Lake Skadar is the largest lake in the Balkans, with two-thirds lying in Montenegro and the remaining two-thirds in Albania. 15)

National parks

Montenegro has five national parks that cover about 10 percent of the country's territory. 16)

Durmitor National Park

Durmitor National Park, established in 1952, includes the Durmitor massif, the canyons of the Tara, Sušica, and Draga rivers, and the higher part of the Komarnica canyon plateau, covering an area of 390 km², which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980. 17)

Dajbabe Monastery

The Dajbabe Male Orthodox Monastery, located 4 kilometers from Podgorica, was built within a natural cave. 18)

montenegro.txt · Last modified: 2022/10/06 02:36 by aga