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Marco Polo

Italian explorer

Marco Polo was an Italian explorer and merchant who was born in Venice around 1254 and died in 1324. 1)

Journey to the East

He embarked on a journey to the East at the age of 17 with his father and uncle, traveling along the Silk Road. 2)

24 years

The journey took them over 24 years, during which they explored various regions, including Persia, Central Asia, and China. 3)

Envoy to Kublai Khan

Marco Polo served as an envoy and trusted advisor to the Mongol ruler Kublai Khan for 17 years. 4)


His extensive travels throughout Asia and interactions with different cultures greatly influenced European knowledge and perceptions of the East. 5)

The Travels of Marco Polo

Polo's book, “The Travels of Marco Polo,” dictated to a fellow prisoner while he was imprisoned during the war between Venice and Genoa, became one of the most popular travelogues in European literature. 6)

Introduced Europeans to numerous wonders

The book introduced Europeans to numerous wonders of the East, including the Great Khan's court, the city of Hangzhou, and paper money. 7)


Marco Polo described the process of making pasta in China, which was unknown in Europe at the time. This account is often credited with introducing pasta to Italy. 8)

Questioned the authenticity

Some scholars have questioned the authenticity of certain details in Polo's book, but it remains a valuable source of information about medieval Asia. 9)

Extensive trading

The Polo family was engaged in extensive trading activities and had a significant influence on Venetian commerce. 10)

Important contacts

Marco Polo's father and uncle had already traveled to Asia before Marco's birth, establishing important contacts and trading connections. 11)

Status in Venice

The Polo family's wealth and status in Venice helped them gain access to influential individuals and secure their success in trading ventures. 12)

Imprisoned in Genoa

Polo was imprisoned in Genoa during the war between Venice and Genoa. It was during this time that he dictated his book to a fellow inmate named Rustichello. 13)

Marco Polo's travels

The stories of Marco Polo's travels captivated readers throughout Europe and played a role in inspiring future explorers, such as Christopher Columbus. 14)

Postmortem influence

Despite the tremendous impact of his travels, Marco Polo's accomplishments were not widely recognized during his lifetime. It was only after his death that his book gained popularity and influenced European geographical knowledge. 15)

marco_polo.txt · Last modified: 2023/05/25 02:00 by aga