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insects

Insects

Honeydew

Honeydew honey is made by bees from honeydew. Honeydew is excreted by aphids and maggots, and rarely by other sap-eating insects. They feed mainly on protein from the sap of the plant, while water, sugars, free amino acids and the rest are quickly excreted in the form of honeydew. 1)

Bullet Ants

Paraponera clavata ants are called bullet ants and inhabit South America. Locally they are known as “twenty-four-hour ants.” The source of the name is the waves of incapacitating pain that accompany their bite, lasting about 24 hours, caused by a neurotoxin contained in the ant's venom. It is believed that of all venomous animals, the bite of this ant is the most painful. 2)

Wētā

Wētā is the collective name for about 70 species of large proctoscopic insects, endemic to New Zealand. There were no mammals on the islands before the arrival of humans, so the locusts occupied an ecological niche similar to mice and rats. They are among the largest insects in the world: Including the antennae and legs, their length can exceed 11 inches and they weigh 2.5 ounces. The name comes from the Maori word “wētāpunga”, meaning “deity of ugliness.” 3)

Common earwig

The common earwig can invoke fear. The elongated body ending in large pincers stimulates the imagination. The pincers are at the end of the abdomen, and formed from transformed abdominal pituitaries or scleral processes, and have a defensive function. The common earwig is also sometimes called a pincer. 4)

Elaiosomes

Elaiosomes (ant-bodies) are fat- and carbohydrate-rich outgrowths of seeds or fruits of some plants. They provide food for ants, which in turn contribute to the spread of these seeds by carrying them to the vicinity of nests and often placing them in the substrate. This method of diaspore dispersal is called myrmecochory and occurs in over 11,000 plant species. 5)

insects.txt · Last modified: 2021/09/14 08:59 by rapidplatypus