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Large, herbivorous mammals

Bison are large, herbivorous mammals that belong to the Bovidae family. 1)

Bison and buffalo

They are also commonly known as American bison, buffalo, or simply bison. 2)

American bison

The bison is the largest land animal in North America, with males weighing up to 2,000 pounds (900 kg) and standing up to 6 feet (1.8 meters) tall at the shoulder. 3)

Plains bison

They were once the dominant grazers on the Great Plains of North America, with an estimated population of up to 60 million before European settlement. 4)


Bison have a hump on their back, which is made of muscle and helps support their massive head. 5)

Social animals

They are very social animals and live in large herds, with females and their offspring forming the core of the herd, while males live in smaller groups or alone. 6)

Poor eyesight but excellent hearing

Bison have poor eyesight but excellent hearing and sense of smell. 7)

Shaggy coat

They have a shaggy, dark brown coat in the winter that helps insulate them from the cold and sheds a lighter color in the summer. 8)

Life expectancy

Bison have a life expectancy of around 20 years in the wild. 9)

Very strong

They are very strong and can run up to 35 miles per hour (56 km/h). 10)


Bison can jump up to six feet (1.8 meters) vertically from a standing position. 11)


They have a distinctive huffing noise that they make when communicating with each other. 12)

Excellent swimmers

Bison are excellent swimmers and can cross rivers and lakes when needed. 13)

Unique digestive system

They have a unique digestive system that allows them to extract nutrients from tough, fibrous plant material. 14)

Hunted to near extinction

Bison were hunted to near extinction in the late 1800s, with only a few hundred remaining, but conservation efforts have helped their population recover to around 500,000 today. 15)

bisons.txt · Last modified: 2023/02/17 02:07 by aga